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   ** CHANAKYA 51st YEAR ** MEDIA PARTNER EURONAVAL 2020 ** INDIAN AIR FORCE DAY SPECIAL: OCTOBER 2020 ISSUE ** EURONAVAL 2020 NAVY SHOW PREVIEW: Bonus Distribution in Paris **         INDIA’s Leading & Oldest DEFENCE & Aerospace Magazine - 51st Year in Defence Publishing: 46th Year of Monthly Publication       

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Five Rafale Fighters Induction in IAF

The first five Indian Air Force (IAF) 4.5-Generation Rafale Combat Aircraft have arrived at Air Force Station, Ambala. The aircraft got airborne from Dassault Aviation Facility, Mérignac, France on 27th July and reached India on 29th July afternoon with a planned stopover en-route at Al Dhafra Air Base in the UAE.

Five Rafale Fighters in IAF
The Rafale Fleet comprises of three Single-Seater and Two Twin-Seater Rafales. The delivery of 10 a
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Navantia S80 Plus Offered for Indian Navy’s P-75(I) Submarines Project

Amongst the five Global Defence Majors selected by the MoD Committee for the P-75(I) Submarines Project is Navantia of Spain. The two Indian Shipyards for the mega 'Make-in-India' Project are L&T Group and Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Ltd. (MDL). Navantia has recently organised more than 100 side meetings and submitted 380 RFIs specific to the P-75(I) Submarine cost items, and targets achieving 500 PTS and nearly 1,500 RFIs within the next 3-4 months.

Navantia S80 Plus Offered for Indian Navy’s P-75(I) Submarines
Navantia is participating in P-75(I) using the basis of the S80 Plus Submarine - the only 3,000 ton
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Indian Air Force Commanders’ Conference 2020: IAF in the Next Decade

The Air Force Commanders’ Conference (AFCC) was conducted from 22nd to 24th July 2020, at Air Headquarters (Vayu Bhawan) New Delhi. The theme of the Conference was "IAF in the Next Decade". The AFCC was Chaired by the Chief of the Air Staff (CAS), Air Chief Marshal R.K.S. Bhadauria.

IAF Commanders’ Conference 2020
The Air Force Commanders’ Conference (AFCC) was conducted from 22nd to 24th July 2020, at Air Headq
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Defence Minister Rajnath Singh Russia Visit

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh reviewed India-Russia Defence Cooperation with Yury Borisov, Deputy Prime Minister of Russian Federation in Moscow on 27th June. Mr Borisov is the Co-Chair of the Inter-Governmental Commission with India on Trade & Economic & Scientific Cooperation. He also Co-Chairs with the Raksha Mantri the High Level Committee on Science & Technology. Their discussions on bilateral cooperation and regional issues were very positive and productive.

Raksha Mantri Rajnath Singh Reviews India-Russia Defence Relations
Defence Minister Rajnath Singh reviewed India-Russia Defence Cooperation in Moscow. The discussions
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Ejection Seats & Pilot Safety

Collins Aerospace is part of Raytheon Technologies Corporation, which is a leading Aerospace & Defence Company that provides Advanced Systems and Services for Commercial, Military and Government customers worldwide. It comprises four industry-leading businesses - Collins Aerospace, Pratt & Whitney, Raytheon Intelligence & Space and Raytheon Missiles & Defense. This feature on “Ejection Seats & Pilot Safety” is contributed by DON BORCHELT, Business Development Director, ACES II/5, Mission Systems, Collins Aerospace, highlights various aspects of Pilot Safety and new developments in Ejection Seats for New-Generation Combat Aircraft.

Ejection Seats & Pilot Safety
Collins Aerospace specialises in Aerostructures, Avionics, Interiors, Mechanical Systems, Mission S
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The Year of Heron TP

The Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) Heron TP is a Multi-Role, Most Advanced, Long-Range Medium Altitude Long Endurance (MALE) Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) for Strategic Missions, equipped with Automatic Taxi Take-Off and Landing Systems (ATOL), Satellite Communication for Extended Range, fully redundant Avionics and much more. The IAI Heron TP UAS was designed as a Multi-Mission Platform to address customers' needs and to perform a variety of Strategic Missions, including Intelligence Gathering, Surveillance,

The Year of Heron TP
Target Acquisition and Reconnaissance (ISTAR), using various Payloads, with a high level of reliabi
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SINGAPORE AIR SHOW 2020 REPORT

The Singapore Air Show 2020 was held at Changi Exhibition Centre from 11th to 16th February 2020, with attendance from high-level Military Delegations including India’s Air Chief, Senior Government Officials and leading industry players, featured exhibitors from over 930 companies from above 45 countries. The Singapore Air Show had major participants in the Civil and Military Flying and Static Aircraft Displays that included: Airbus A400M, Dassault Aviation Falcon Business Jets, Embraer Profit-Hunter Commuter Jet, Gulfstream Aircraft, Textron Aviation Aircraft, RSAF Apache & Chinook, Super Puma, Lockheed Martin’s F-16D & F-22 with Sikorsky’s S-70B, Boeing’s F-15SG & P-8A Poseidon, Bell Boeing MV-22s, Elbit Systems’ Hermes 900 UAS, IAI’s Heron TP UAS, Bell Helicopters, were on display.

SINGAPORE AIR SHOW 2020 REPORT
The Singapore Air Show 2020 was held at Changi Exhibition Centre from 11th to 16th February 2020, w
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WINGS INDIA 2020 SHOW PREVIEW

The Ministry of Civil Aviation, Government of India, jointly with FICCI, organises the 7th Edition of Indian Aviation Show Series, named Wings India 2020 from 12th to 15th March 2020 at Hyderabad’s Begumpet Airport. Wings India 2020 is the largest International Exhibition and Conference for the Civil Aviation Industry in India, with above 15 aircraft on static display and with participation of about 125 companies, including major companies like AAI, Airbus Group, ATR, Boeing, CFM, CSIR, Dassault Aviation Falcon Jets, Embraer, Gulfstream, Honda Jet, Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. (HAL), Maini, NAL, Pawan Hans, Pratt & Whitney, Rolls-Royce, Saab, Textron Aviation, United Technologies Corporation (UTC), etc.

WINGS INDIA 2020 SHOW PREVIEW
The Ministry of Civil Aviation, Government of India, jointly with FICCI, organises the 7th Edition
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First Indian Air Force Rafale Handed Over

On October 8th, Eric Trappier, Dassault Aviation Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, hosted the handover ceremony of the first Indian Air Force Rafale in Mérignac, Dassault Aviation’s Rafale Final Assembly Facility. The event was placed under the high patronage of Rajnath Singh, Minister of Defence of India and Ms. Florence Parly, Minister of the Armed Forces of France.

First Indian Air Force Rafale Handed Over
On October 8th, Eric Trappier, Dassault Aviation Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, hosted the h
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1st Rafale Handed Over by France: Defence Minister Rajnath Singh says Induction Will Boost India's Air Dominance Exponentially

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh said that the French-made Rafale Combat Jet will boost India's Air Dominance exponentially, as he was formally handed the delivery of the first of 36 Rafales in France. The induction of Rafale Fighter Jets into the Indian Air Force will give a boost to India's Air Dominance exponentially, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh said at the Handing-Over Ceremony of the IAF's Rafale Fighter.

1st Rafale Handed Over by France: Defence Minister Rajnath Singh says Induction Will Boost India's Air Dominance Exponentially
Defence Minister Rajnath Singh said that the French-made Rafale Combat Jet will boost India's Air D
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Thales: A Proud Partner of the Indian Air Force by Emmanuel de Roquefeuil, VP & Country Director, Thales in India

Thales is proud that the IAF has been relying on its high-end Technology Solutions for Combat Aircraft, Air Defence Systems and Sensors, among others to achieve its big ambitions. The Upgrade of Mirage 2000 Fleet is one such example and so is the selection of the Rafale Omni-Role Combat Aircraft by the Indian Air Force.

Thales: A Proud Partner of the Indian Air Force by Emmanuel de Roquefeuil, VP & Country Director, Thales in India
Thales is proud that the IAF has been relying on its high-end Technology Solutions for Combat Aircr
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FUTURE OF COMBAT: SUPPORTING TOMORROW'S AIR WARRIORS By Kishore Jayaraman, President, Rolls-Royce, India and South Asia

Today, more than 750 Rolls-Royce Engines of 10 engine types are powering aircraft of the Indian Military. Rolls-Royce Engines power a wide variety of aircraft in the inventory of the IAF - from Combat and Strike Aircraft (the Jaguar, powered by the Adour Mk811) to Trainers (Hawk Advanced Jet Trainer, powered by Adour Mk871) to Strategic Airlift Aircraft (C-130J Super Hercules, powered by AE 2100), and even VVIP and Surveillance Aircraft (ERJ145, powered by AE 3007).

FUTURE OF COMBAT: SUPPORTING TOMORROW'S AIR WARRIORS By Kishore Jayaraman, President, Rolls-Royce, India and South Asia
Today, more than 750 Rolls-Royce Engines of 10 engine types are powering aircraft of the Indian Mil
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MBDA: A Strong Partner of Indian Air Force

With a strong reputation as a reliable Partner that has supported the Indian Air Force for over 50 years, European Missile company MBDA understands the importance of operational capability and sovereignty to the IAF. MBDA has set up an extensive network of business Partners throughout India. This extensive Indian Supply Chain supports its JV initiatives ready to fulfil ‘Make-in-India’ requirements through its JV with L&T to manufacture Missiles & Components in India. In addition, MBDA continues to work with Indian Public-Sector entities for local Production, Development and Partnership.

MBDA: A Strong Partner of Indian Air Force
With a strong reputation as a reliable Partner that has supported the Indian Air Force for over 50
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Defence Minister Rajnath Singh Launches Indian Navy's First New P-17A Stealth Frigate INS Nilgiri

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh launched INS Nilgiri, the first of the Navy's seven new P-17A Stealth Frigates at Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL) in Mumbai.

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh Launches Indian Navy's First New P-17A Stealth Frigate INS Nilgiri
Defence Minister Rajnath Singh on 28th September launched INS Nilgiri, the first of the Navy's seve
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Defence Minister Rajnath Singh Witnesses Fire Power of Western Fleet, ‘Day at Sea’ Onboard INS Vikramaditya

During his stay on INS Vikramaditya Aircraft Carrier, the biggest ship of the Indian Navy, Raksha Mantri witnessed a wide range of Naval Operations including Weapon Firing by the Fighter Aircraft and Night Flying Operations by helicopter from the deck of the Aircraft Carrier and Surface Shoots, Missile and Rocket Firings.

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh Witnesses Fire Power of Western Fleet, ‘Day at Sea’ Onboard INS Vikramaditya
During his stay on INS Vikramaditya, the biggest ship of the Indian Navy, Raksha Mantri witnessed a
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Defence Minister Rajnath Singh Commissions Indigenously-Built Scorpene Submarine INS Khanderi

On 28th September 2019, INS Khanderi, the second of P75 Scorpene-Class Submarines, was commissioned by Defence Minister Rajnath Singh in presence of Minister of State for Defence Shripad Naik, Chief of the Naval Staff Admiral Karambir Singh, CMD MDL Commodore Rakesh Anand (IN Retd.) and several other dignitaries. INS Khanderi is totally built by Indian Shipyard Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL) through years of Technology Transfer and Partnership with the Naval Group,  in line with Indian Government’s ‘Make-in-India’ Policy.

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh Commissions Indigenously-Built Scorpene Submarine INS Khanderi
INS Khanderi, the second of P75 Scorpene-Class Submarines, was commissioned by Defence Minister Raj
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IAF & FAF Joint Ops at EXERCISE GARUDA-VI

Exercise Garuda 2019, a bilateral Indo-French Large Force Employment Warfare Exercise was hosted by the French Air Force (FAF) from 1st to 12th July 2019 at Mont-de-Marsan France, was successfully completed with the IAF Contingent landing back in India on 19th July 2019.

IAF & FAF Joint Ops at EXERCISE GARUDA-VI
Exercise Garuda 2019, a bilateral Indo-French Large Force Employment Warfare Exercise was hosted by
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20th Anniversary of Kargil Victory Day

The ‘Kargil Vijay Diwas’ celebrations were spread over three days from 25th to 27th July 2019 and were organised at Dras and New Delhi.

20th Anniversary of Kargil Victory Day
The ‘Kargil Vijay Diwas’ celebrations were spread over three days from 25th to 27th July 2019 and w
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Defence Minister Rajnath Singh

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh, Chaired the Roundtable on 'Make-in-India in Defence Industry' with top Defence & Aerospace Manufacturers at Vigyan Bhawan. The objective of the roundtable was to promote 'Make-in-India' in Defence Sector. It aimed to explore ways to attract investment, address the concerns of the Industry and promote innovations in Defence Sector.

Develop Indigenous Technology for Defence: Defence Minister Rajnath Singh
Defence Minister Rajnath Singh, Chaired the Roundtable on 'Make-in-India in Defence Industry' with
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Defence Minister Rajnath Singh

Raksha Mantri Rajnath Singh visited Eastern Naval Command Visakhapatnam on 29th June 2019 on a two-day maiden visit to the ENC. On arrival at INS Dega, the Raksha Mantri was received by Admiral Karambir Singh, Chief of the Naval Staff (CNS).

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh Visits Eastern Naval Command (ENC) in Visakhapatnam
Raksha Mantri Rajnath Singh visited Eastern Naval Command Visakhapatnam on 29th June 2019 on a two-
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Lockheed Martin & Tata Supplier Meet for F-21 Fighter & S-76D Helicopter

Lockheed Martin and Tata hosted a three-day Suppliers Conference in July in New Delhi, where about 30 of Lockheed Martin's Tier 1 Suppliers had the opportunity to meet with over 70 Indian Companies of all sizes to form relationships, assess capabilities, generate Partnerships and further enhance the Government of India's ‘Make-in-India' objectives. Lockheed Martin is looking to expand its Local Suppliers Base in India for their Global Supply Chain in order to fulfill the Offsets Obligations in India, and to increase Indigenous Content of their Offers to Indian Forces, while mainly promoting the new F-21 Fighter for the IAF’s MRFA competition, Sikorsky’s S-76D for the Indian Navy’s NUH, and the MH-60R for the MRH.

Lockheed Martin & Tata Supplier Meet for F-21 Fighter & S-76D Helicopter
Lockheed Martin and Tata hosted a three-day Suppliers Conference in July in New Delhi. Lockheed Mar
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Launch of Fourth Scorpene Class Submarine - VELA

Vela, the fourth Scorpene-Class Submarine being constructed by Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited for the Indian Navy, was launched on 6th May 2019, by Mrs Veena Ajay Kumar, wife of Dr. Ajay Kumar, Secretary Defence Production, who was the Chief Guest on the occasion. Vice Admiral A.K. Saxena, CWP&A was also present during the Launching Ceremony.

Launch of Fourth Scorpene Class Submarine - VELA
Vela, the fourth Scorpene-Class Submarine being constructed by Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited fo
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Defence Minister Rajnath Singh Visits Siachen, Reviews Security Situation at Highest Battlefield

In his first visit after taking charge, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh visited the Siachen Glacier to review the Security situation. The Raksha Mantri paid his tributes to the martyrs at the highest battlefield of the world and interacted with the Soldiers at the Forward Posts.

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh Visits Siachen, Reviews Security Situation at Highest Battlefield
In his first visit after taking charge, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh visited the Siachen Glacier
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Defence Minister Rajnath Singh Takes Charge of Indian Defence

Rajnath Singh took over the responsibility as the Defence Minister on 1st June 2019. On his arrival at the Ministry of Defence in South Block, Raksha Mantri Rajnath Singh was received by the Minister of State for Defence Shripad Yesso Naik, three Services’ Chiefs, Defence Secretary Sanjay Mitra, Secretary Defence Production Dr. Ajay Kumar, Secretary DDR&D & Chairman DRDO Dr. G..Satheesh Reddy.

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh Takes Charge of Indian Defence
Rajnath Singh took over the responsibility as the Defence Minister on 1st June 2019. On his arrival
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Rolls-Royce in India: Partnering for Future Success by Kishore Jayaraman, President, Rolls-Royce, India and South Asia

India is in the process of replacing 50 percent of its ageing Defence Equipment. It is expected to spend US$ 100-150 Billion on Defence Modernisation programmes by 2022. This presents a huge opportunity for Multinational Companies (MNCs) and Small- and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) to leverage India's fast-growing Aerospace and Defence Sectors.

Rolls-Royce in India: Partnering for Future Success by Kishore Jayaraman, President, Rolls-Royce, India and South Asia
India is in the process of replacing 50 percent of its ageing Defence Equipment. It is expected to
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GENERAL ATOMICS - EMS Deepening Ties Via Strategic Initiatives

General Atomics (GA) and its affiliated companies now constitute one of the world's leading resources for High-Technology Systems ranging from Nuclear fuel cycle to Electromagnetic Systems, Remotely Operated Surveillance Aircraft, Airborne Sensors and Advanced Electronics, Wireless & Laser Technologies.

GENERAL ATOMICS - EMS Deepening Ties Via Strategic Initiatives
GA and its affiliated entities manufacture, operate and service state-of-the-art Unmanned Aerial Ve
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MBDA Offers Next-Generation Air Combat Capabilities for the Indian Air Force

MBDA is exhibiting a full range of Missiles and Missile Systems on Stand AB.2.23 designed to provide Next-Generation Air Combat Capabilities, including Air Dominance, Strike and Maritime Engagement, for the Indian Air Force.

MBDA Offers Next-Generation Air Combat Capabilities for the Indian Air Force
Aero India 2019 is the first Air Show where L&T MBDA Missile Systems Ltd, MBDA’s Joint Venture with
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Dassault Aviation Reaffirms Full Commitment to India & Launches New Rafale F4 Standard for France

Dassault Aviation has assured that it will ensure successful production in India through the Dassault Reliance Joint Venture in Nagpur as well as through a full-fledged Supply Chain Network involving already 30 companies with which Dassault Aviation signed contracts, and additional 60 companies currently under discussions.

Dassault Aviation Launches New Rafale F4 Standard for France
Dassault Aviation has received a Development Contract from the French DGA to Upgrade the Rafale Fig
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HENSOLDT Leads Sensor Solutions for Defence

HENSOLDT is a pioneer of Technology and Innovation in the field of Defence and Security Electronics. Based in Taufkirchen near Munich, HENSOLDT is one of the market leaders in the field of Civil and Military Sensor Solutions and develops new products based on innovative approaches for Data Management, Robotics and Cyber Security to combat a wide range of threats.

HENSOLDT Leads Sensor Solutions for Defence
HENSOLDT is a pioneer of Technology and Innovation in the field of Defence and Security Electronics
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Indian Army Artillery Inducts K9 Vajra’s & M777s

Marking a major milestone towards capacity building and capability enhancement of the Indian Army, Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, dedicated the globally combat proven M777 A2 Ultra Light Howitzers, K9 Vajra-Tracked Self-Propelled Guns and 6x6 Filed Artillery Tractors to the service of the Nation.

Indian Army Artillery Inducts K9 Vajra’s & M777s
Marking a major milestone towards capacity building and capability enhancement of the Indian Army,
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BRAHMOS: World' Best & Fastest Supersonic Precision Strike Weapon

BrahMos Aerospace, the Indo-Russian Joint Venture is now ready and capable to fulfil export requirements, if the Government decides, while serving the Indian Army, Indian Navy & Indian Air Force requirements, which should see larger numbers of Missiles ordered in the future.

BRAHMOS: World' Best & Fastest Supersonic Precision Strike Weapon
BrahMos Aerospace, the Indo-Russian Joint Venture is now ready and capable to fulfil export require
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‘Optimising Resources’ and ‘Emerging Technologies’ Dominate Navy Commanders’ Conference

The second edition of the three day Navy Commanders’ Conference of 2018 held from 31st October to 2nd November 2018, had top Commanders of the Indian Navy deliberate on the themes of ‘Optimisation’ and ‘Emerging Technologies’.

‘Optimising Resources’ and ‘Emerging Technologies’ Dominate Navy Commanders’ Conference
The second edition of the three day Navy Commanders’ Conference of 2018 held from 31st October to 2
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EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW: AIR CHIEF MARSHAL B. S. DHANOA, CHIEF OF THE AIR STAFF

Indian Air Force is going through a Transformation process acquiring state-of-the-art platforms and systems, and through Upgrades, to boost India’s Air Power Dominance capabilities, with Su-30MKIs, Upgraded Mirage 2000s & Jaguars, Rafale MMRCAs, LCA Tejas enhancements, C-17s, C-130Js, Do-228s, Avro replacement with C295W MTAs, ALH Rudra, Light Combat Helicopters (LCHs), Mi-17V5s, Chinook Heavy-Lift & Apache Longbow Attack Helicopters taking test-flights, AEW&Cs/AWACS, FRA, more Trainers, etc.
 

EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW: AIR CHIEF MARSHAL B. S. DHANOA, CHIEF OF THE AIR STAFF
with Su-30MKIs, Upgraded Mirage 2000s & Jaguars, Rafale MMRCAs, FGFA, LCA Tejas, C-17s, C-130Js, Do
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Spanish Navy Navantia LHD Juan Carlos I Visits Mumbai

Navantia Juan Carlos I, the 27,000-tonne Landing Helicopter Dock (LHD) of the Spanish Navy came calling at Mumbai from 2nd to 6th June 2018. As part of the select group of journalists that were invited to see the LHD and its multitude of capabilities, one can conclude that the capability that this Vessel would bring to the Indian Navy’s Air Power & Amphibious Operations would be manifold

Spanish Navy Navantia LHD Juan Carlos I Visits Mumbai
Navantia Juan Carlos I, the 27,000-tonne Landing Helicopter Dock (LHD) of the Spanish Navy came cal
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Successful Firing of BrahMos Air- Launched Missile from Su-30MKI

IAF successfully fired the BrahMos Air Version Anti-Ship Missile from its Frontline Su-30MKI Fighter aircraft off the Eastern Coast. The Air-Launched BrahMos Missile is a 2.5 ton Supersonic Air-to-Surface Cruise Missile with ranges of more than 400 kms.

Successful Firing of BrahMos Air- Launched Missile from Su-30MKI
IAF successfully fired the BrahMos Air Version Anti-Ship Missile from its Frontline Su-30MKI Fighte
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INS KALVARI SCORPENE-CLASS SUBMARINE COMMISSIONED INTO INDIAN NAVY

The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi commissioned INS Kalvari (S-21), the first of the six Scorpene-Class Submarines built under Project 75 (Kalvari-Class) into the Indian Navy at an impressive ceremony recently held at Naval Dockyard in Mumbai. Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman.

INS KALVARI SCORPENE-CLASS SUBMARINE COMMISSIONED INTO INDIAN NAVY
The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi commissioned INS Kalvari (S-21), the first of the six Sc
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Indian Air Force Chief Flies Rafale Fighter In France

The Rafale Combat Aircraft will come with various India-specific modifications including Israeli Helmet Mounted Displays, Radar Warning Receivers and Low-Band Jammers, most importantly .

Indian Air Force Chief Flies Rafale Fighter In France
The Rafale Combat Aircraft will come with various India-specific modifications including Israeli He
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News



News

Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas Inducted Into No. 45 Squadron of Indian Air Force


The Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas was inducted into No. 45 Squadron of the Indian Air Force (IAF) on 1st July 2016. No. 45 Squadron, also called the "Flying Daggers", was last equipped with MiG-21 Bis Aircraft and operated from Nalia. It's motto is "Ajeet Nabha". The Squadron will operate from Bangalore for nearly two years before it moves to its designated location at Sulur near Coimbatore. It is the first Fighter Squadron to be a part of the Southern Air Command of IAF Headquartered at Thiruvananthapuram.


Group Captain Madhav Rangachari, an alumnus of the National Defence Academy, is the Commanding Officer of Flying Daggers. He flew the inaugural flight of LCA in 45 Squadron on 1st July. Apart from operational experience on Mirage 2000 and MiG-21s, he also has considerable experience on flight testing of LCA Prototypes.
Tejas is the first advanced Fly-by-Wire (FBW) Fighter aircraft designed, developed and manufactured in India.

Conceived as a MiG-21 replacement, the aircraft has been designed and developed by DRDO’s Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) and produced by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL). It is to the credit of its designers, manufacturer, technicians and test crew, that LCA has flown more than 3,200 sorties / 2,000 Hours till date without any accident. Tejas is a 4th Generation Plus aircraft with a Glass Cockpit and is equipped with state-of-the-art Satellite-aided Inertial Navigation System. It has a Digital Computer-Based Attack System and an Autopilot. It can fire Air-to-Air Missiles, Bombs as well as Precision Guided Munitions (PGMs).


The induction of the aircraft is being planned in a phased manner. The IOC aircraft are armed with Close Combat Air-to-Air Missiles, Helmet Mounted Display and Precision Guided Weapons like Laser Guided Bombs. These aircraft are also capable of dropping unguided bombs with much higher accuracy due to highly advanced indigenous Mission Computer. The FOC aircraft would incorporate Beyond Visual Range (BVR) Missiles, improved and better Stand-Off Weapons and Air-to-Air Refueling capability. IAF is also pitching for additional LCA Mk 1A which would incorporate New-Generation Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) Radar with simultaneous Air-to-Air and Air-to-Ground capability, an integrated advanced Electronic Warfare Suite, advanced versions of Air-to-Air and Air-to-Ground Weapons and maintainability improvements. With 45 Squadron now commencing operations, soon the Tejas would be employed to defend the Indian skies.


DRDO Developed Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas
Tejas is a 4th Generation Plus Fighter Aircraft indigenously developed in the country after technology gap of around two decades of HF Marut by DRDO. Its development by LCA Tejas Team at ADA, an autonomous society of DRDO, is unique in the light of the fact that there was no infrastructure base and negligible technological base available in the country for undertaking development of a modern combat aircraft.


Full Scale Engineering Development (FSED) programme was actually sanctioned in April 1993. The historic maiden flight of the first Technology Demonstrator (TD1) took place on January 4th, 2001. The scope of FSED Phase 1 was to demonstrate the technologies so that a decision could be taken to build operational proto-vehicles, at a later stage. LCA FSED Phase 1 was completed on March 31st, 2004 with all objectives of Technology Development achieved. With efficient management of funds, four aircraft (TD1, TD2, PV1, & PV2) have been built within the funds sanctioned for two aircraft development. While Phase 1 programme was in progress, the Government in November 2001 decided to concurrently go ahead with the build of operational proto-vehicles in LCA FSED Phase 2 programme.


The scope of FSED Phase 2 programme was to build three Prototypes of operational aircraft, including trainers and also to build the infrastructure required for producing eight aircraft per year and build eight Limited Series Production (LSP) aircraft. The Phase 2 programme has been split into two phases namely, Initial Operational Clearance (IOC) and Final Operational Clearance (FOC). Standard of Preparation of operational aircraft was finalised in 2004 with changes in Weapons, Sensors and Avionics to meet IAF requirements and overcome obsolescence.


LCA has accomplished about 3,200 flights, testifies the point that it is a reliable aircraft and that the LCA Programme is now racing smoothly toward achieving FOC, after attaining IOC in December 2013. Action for induction of the LCA Tejas into the IAF has been initiated. As of now, IAF had placed order in 2006 for 20 Tejas aircraft in IOC configuration and another 20 aircraft in FOC configuration in 2010. Aircraft build is in progress. Maiden flight of first Series Production (SP1) Tejas aircraft of IOC configuration took place on September 30th, 2014 and handed over to the Indian Air Force by the Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar on January 17th, 2015. Maiden flight of Second Series Production (SP2) Tejas aircraft of IOC configuration took place on March 22nd, 2016. Further SP aircraft will be delivered progressively by HAL to IAF for induction.


Secretary, Department of Defence R&D and DG DRDO, Dr. S Christopher, said that “LCA Programme has been unique in bringing together stakeholders and partners within and outside the country. HAL has been the Principal Partner, with participation and support of IAF, IN, DRDO, CSIR, CEMILAC, DGAQA, PSUs, academic institutions, private establishments, etc.” He said “Team ‘Tejas’ is proud that an idea in late 1980’s is today turning into a reality of having our own fighter aircraft”. Dr. S Christopher further stated that this critical milestone could be achieved only due to the initiative of the Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar.