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   ** CHANAKYA 52nd YEAR ** INDIAN AIR FORCE DAY SPECIAL ISSUE: OCTOBER 2021 ** EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW: AIR CHIEF ** MEDIA PARTNER DSEI 2021 LONDON DEFENCE SHOW REPORT & AUSA 2021 SHOW PREVIEW **         INDIA’s Leading & Oldest DEFENCE & Aerospace Magazine - 52nd Year in Defence Publishing: 47th Year of Monthly Publication       

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Navantia S-81 Submarine Launch Ceremony

On 22nd April 2021, His Majesty King Felipe VI of Spain, accompanied by Her Majesty the Queen, Her Royal Highness the Princess of Asturias and Her Royal Highness Infanta Sofia presided over the Launching Ceremony of S-81, the first Submarine of S-80 Class, in Navantia Shipyard in Cartagena (Murcia, Spain).

His Majesty King Felipe VI Presided the Navantia Launching Ceremony of the first S-80 Submarine for the Spanish Navy - the S-81 'Isaac Peral'
The S-81, which will be named 'Isaac Peral', is the first Submarine designed and built in Spain by
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IAF's Dassault Rafale Fighters

A third batch of three Rafale Fighter Jets landed in India on 27th January 2021 evening after flying non-stop from France, in a further boost to the strike capability of the Indian Air Force when India and China are engaged in a bitter border stand-off in Eastern Ladakh. With the arrival of the new batch, the number of the Rafale Fighters with the IAF in India has increased to 11.

Three More Rafale Jets Arrive in India from France
With the arrival of the new batch of 3 Rafales, the number of the Rafale Fighters with the IAF in I
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INTERVIEW: William L. Blair, Vice President & Chief Executive, Lockheed Martin India

At Aero India 2021, Lockheed Martin presents the C-130J Super Hercules, of which IAF operates a fleet, with one of them achieving the daunting feat of landing at the world’s highest landing strip. The Lockheed Martin F-21 Fighter Jet, an equally impressive Multi-Mission Platform, for which Lockheed Martin offers future potential production in India in Partnership with Tata; and its’ Sikorsky Helicopters the MH-60R, S-92, CH-53K & S-76; the Javelin - the world’s most versatile Precision Weapon System, and the INDAGO Unmanned Aerial System (UAS).

“Committed to Strategic & Long-Term International Defence Partnerships”
The MH-60R Romeo SEAHAWK Helicopter is one of the world’s most advanced Maritime Helicopters for AS
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AIRBUS INDIA

Airbus with its long-standing relationship with the Indian Aerospace and Defence Sector, will have a significant presence at Aero India.

Transforming India’s Defence and Aerospace Capabilities
Transforming India’s Defence and Aerospace Capabilities: by Rémi Maillard, President & Manag
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DASSAULT SYSTEMES AT AERO INDIA 2021

Dassault Systemes stands committed to help the industry with advanced 3D design and engineering solutions powered by the 3DEXPERIENCE® platform.

Digitalization to Realize a thriving Aerospace, Defence and Space Ecosystem
As the leader in the sector for over three decades, Dassault Systèmes works with companies of every
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Raytheon Technologies Corporation (RTX)

Raytheon Technologies Corporation is an Aerospace and Defence Company that provides Advanced Systems and Services for Commercial, Military and Government customers worldwide. With four Industry-Leading Businesses - Collins Aerospace Systems, Pratt & Whitney, Raytheon Intelligence & Space, and Raytheon Missiles & Defense - the company delivers solutions that push the boundaries in Avionics, Cyber Security, Directed Energy, Electric Propulsion, Hypersonics, and Quantum Physics.

Raytheon Technologies Corporation: Creates Future of Aerospace & Defence
The merger of Raytheon and United Technologies combined two companies with distinctive legacies in
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INTERVIEW: BORIS SOLOMIAC, GENERAL DELEGATE, MBDA INDIA

Chanakya features this Interview with BORIS SOLOMIAC, General Delegate, MBDA India, who articulates on MBDA’s Range of Missiles for the IAF’s Rafale Fighter; Brimstone Dual-Seeker Missile; MICA IR & RF Missiles for the Upgraded Mirage 2000s of the IAF; MANPADS Missile System offered for VSHORAD & Mistral ATAM for the ALH Rudra WSI & LCHs; ASRAAM for the Jaguar Fighter Upgrade, Naval Missiles and on L&T MBDA Missile Systems Joint Venture established in India.

“Highly Potent Set of Weapons from MBDA that are Unrivalled”
With above 90 Armed Forces customers in the world, MBDA is a World Leader in Missiles and Missile S
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EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW: DR. SUDHIR MISHRA, CEO & MD, BRAHMOS AEROSPACE

In this EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW to Chanakya, DR. SUDHIR MISHRA, Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director of BrahMos Aerospace, said that they are developing "90-Degree Steep Dive & Surround Attack Capability," a "Carrier-Killer" Weapon. He articulated on the success achieved by various BRAHMOS Variants’ proven capabilities, including the Block-III LACM. On future plans, he elaborated on the Hypersonic BRAHMOS-II(K) Weapon with speeds between Mach 5-7 and the BRAHMOS NG Variant, on the BRAHMOS-A tests of the Airborne Cruise Missile for the IAF’s Su-30MKI Fighter, and on the BrahMos ‘Make-in-India’ initiatives.

“We have been Actively Pursuing the Hypersonic BRAHMOS-II(K)”
BrahMos Aerospace, the Indo-Russian Joint Venture is capable to fulfil any export requirements, if
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INTERVIEW: Emmanuel De Roquefeuil, VP & Country Director, Thales in India

Thales offices and sites are spread across several cities in India, having hundreds of employees working with Thales and its Joint Ventures in India. Thales has been playing an essential role in India’s growth story by sharing its technologies and expertise in Defence, Transport & Aerospace markets. Thales' strategy supports 'Make-in-India' Policy and aids the development of the Defence Industrial Base in the country, evident from it’s association with HAL, BEL, BDL, Samtel and L&T Technology Services.

“SPECTRA Electronic Warfare System Boosts Survivability”
EMMANUEL DE ROQUEFEUIL, VP & COUNTRY DIRECTOR, THALES in India, in this Interview to Chanakya, cove
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EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW: R. MADHAVAN, CHAIRMAN & MANAGING DIRECTOR, HAL

 In an Exclusive Interview to Chanakya, R. MADHAVAN, Chairman & Managing Director, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), Updates us on most projects that HAL is currently undertaking like LCA Tejas, Mirage 2000 Upgrade Project, Jaguar Darin-III Upgrade, HTT-40 BTA, IJT, LCH, LUH, Ka-226T, ALH Dhruv, etc.

“HAL is Geared Up to Take Production of 83 LCA Order”
One of the largest Aeronautics Companies in Asia, Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. (HAL) is involved in m
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INTERVIEW: ANANDI RAMALINGAM, DIRECTOR MARKETING, BEL

Bharat Electronics Ltd. (BEL) is the leading Defence Electronics Company in India with several Hi-Tech Capabilities including Missile Systems, Electronic Warfare Systems, Avionics Systems, Communication Systems, Electro-Optics Systems, Radars, C4I Systems/Solutions, Sonar, Gun Upgrades, Shelters, etc.

“Government Approved the Export of Indigenous Akash Missile System”
Chanakya Interviewed ANANDI RAMALINGAM, DIRECTOR MARKETING, BEL, on it’s Orders, New Products, Expo
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Safran Aircraft Engines

Safran Aircraft Engines is one of the world's leading Aircraft and Rocket Engine Manufacturers, Safran designs, develops, produces and sells, alone or in Partnership, Engines for Civil and Military Aircraft, Launch Vehicles and Satellites. Safran Aircraft Engines also power some 20 types of Military Aircraft in 30 countries.

Safran Military Engines M88
Safran Military Engines for Rafale & Mirage 2000 Fighters have become global benchmarks. Safran als
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THALES INDIA

Backed by its strong presence in diverse verticals like Defence, Aerospace, Transportation and Digital Identity and Security, Thales has been an unwavering partner to India's ambitious plans and growth storyby sharing its niche technologies and expertise.

Thales: A Steadfast Partner to India's Growth Story
As India marches towards its goal of 'Atmanirbharta' or Self-Reliance, it opens up immense opportun
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MBDA MISSILE SYSTEMS

MBDA is not new to Partnership with the Indian Armed Forces and Indian industry, indeed it has been delivering battle-winning capabilities to the Indian Air Force and collaborating with Indian industry for over 50 years.

MBDA Shows Make In India Commitments and Rafale Weaponry at Aero India 2021
MBDA, the maker of the Rafale's game-changing weaponry, is showcasing its Make in India commitments
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RAFAEL

Rafael is a world-leading Developer & Manufacturer of Advanced Weapon Systems, providing forefront Technological Solutions that address the Defensive and Offensive requirements of the Modern Battlefield. Rafael Advanced Defense Systems has been supporting the Indian Defence Forces with State-of-the-Art Systems, during which Rafael has stood by India to supply systems at short notice in operational contingencies, including Air-to-Air, Air Defence, ATGMs, Targeting & Reconnaissance Pods, SDR Communication, etc.

RAFAEL ADVANCED DEFENSE SYSTEMS
Rafael Advanced Defense Systems Ltd. Designs, Develops, Manufactures and Supplies a wide range of H
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AERO INDIA 2021 AIR SHOW PREVIEW

Aero India 2021, the 13th International Aerospace and Defence Exhibition & Air Show, is being organised by the Ministry of Defence from 3rd to 5th February 2021 at the Air Force Station Yelahanka in Bengaluru, with above 540 Aerospace, Aviation & Defence companies/organisations showcasing their products, including Platforms, Weapons, Equipment & Systems, Components, etc. A Special Preview:

AERO INDIA 2021 AIR SHOW PREVIEW
Aero India 2021, the 13th International Aerospace and Defence Exhibition & Air Show, is being organ
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IDEX 2021 SHOW PREVIEW

Global Defence majors compete for deals worth Billions of Dollars at the Middle East’s largest Military Expo, the Tri-Services International Defence Exhibition and Conference - 15th IDEX 2021, which will be held from 21st to 25th February 2021 at Abu Dhabi, UAE. The event features above 1,300 companies including several world leaders.

IDEX 2021 TRI-SERVICES DEFENCE SHOW PREVIEW
Global Defence majors compete for deals worth Billions of Dollars at the Middle East’s largest Mili
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Indian Navy’s Vagir 5th Scorpene Submarine Launched at MDL

On November 12th 2020, INS Vagir was launched by Smt Vijaya Shripad Naik, wife of Shripad Naik, Raksha Rajya Mantri. INS Vagir is the fifth P-75 Scorpene Submarine entirely built by the Indian Shipyard Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL)

Launching of Vagir, the Fifth Indian Kalvari-Class Submarine with Scorpene Design, Entirely Made in India
Making its underwater defence stronger, Indian Navy launched the fifth Kalvari-Class Scorpene Subma
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NAVANTIA S-80 PLUS SUBMARINE

Spain’s Navantia Shipyard in Cartagena has successfully carried out the Power-Up activity tests on the S-81 "Isaac Peral" Submarine. The S-81 is the first of four S-80P Class Submarines under construction for the Spanish Navy by Navantia. This is a relevant safety-related commissioning milestone for Navantia prior to the Submarine’s delivery.

Navantia Passes the First Safety Milestone of the S-81 Submarine: The Power-Up
Spain’s Navantia Shipyard in Cartagena has successfully carried out the Power-Up activity tests on
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EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW: ADMIRAL KARAMBIR SINGH, CHIEF OF THE NAVAL STAFF

ADMIRAL KARAMBIR SINGH, the 24th Chief of the Naval Staff of Indian Navy says that the immediate focus would be to overcome critical deficient capabilities and concurrently adopt modern 'leap-frogging' technology to create capabilities for accomplishing a range of missions. For Navy Day 2020, Chanakya Interviewed ADMIRAL KARAMBIR SINGH, Chief of the Naval Staff, covering Indian Navy’s Modernisation & Expansion Plans, recent Inductions, Naval Acquisitions, including Aircraft Carriers, Surface Combatants, Gun Systems, Missiles, LPDs, FSS, Submarines, MRCBF Carrier-Borne Fighters, Naval Helicopters, RPAS, Aircraft, etc.

“Towards Force Level Augmentation, 43 Ships & Submarines are Under Construction”
For Navy Day 2020, Chanakya Interviewed ADMIRAL KARAMBIR SINGH, Chief of the Naval Staff, covering
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Navantia S80 Plus Offered for Indian Navy’s P-75(I) Submarines Project

Amongst the five Global Defence Majors selected by the MoD Committee for the P-75(I) Submarines Project is Navantia of Spain. The two Indian Shipyards for the mega 'Make-in-India' Project are L&T Group and Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Ltd. (MDL). Navantia has recently organised more than 100 side meetings and submitted 380 RFIs specific to the P-75(I) Submarine cost items, and targets achieving 500 PTS and nearly 1,500 RFIs within the next 3-4 months.

Navantia S80 Plus Offered for Indian Navy’s P-75(I) Submarines
Navantia is participating in P-75(I) using the basis of the S80 Plus Submarine - the only 3,000 ton
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Ejection Seats & Pilot Safety

Collins Aerospace is part of Raytheon Technologies Corporation, which is a leading Aerospace & Defence Company that provides Advanced Systems and Services for Commercial, Military and Government customers worldwide. It comprises four industry-leading businesses - Collins Aerospace, Pratt & Whitney, Raytheon Intelligence & Space and Raytheon Missiles & Defense. This feature on “Ejection Seats & Pilot Safety” is contributed by DON BORCHELT, Business Development Director, ACES II/5, Mission Systems, Collins Aerospace, highlights various aspects of Pilot Safety and new developments in Ejection Seats for New-Generation Combat Aircraft.

Ejection Seats & Pilot Safety
Collins Aerospace specialises in Aerostructures, Avionics, Interiors, Mechanical Systems, Mission S
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The Year of Heron TP

The Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) Heron TP is a Multi-Role, Most Advanced, Long-Range Medium Altitude Long Endurance (MALE) Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) for Strategic Missions, equipped with Automatic Taxi Take-Off and Landing Systems (ATOL), Satellite Communication for Extended Range, fully redundant Avionics and much more. The IAI Heron TP UAS was designed as a Multi-Mission Platform to address customers' needs and to perform a variety of Strategic Missions, including Intelligence Gathering, Surveillance,

The Year of Heron TP
Target Acquisition and Reconnaissance (ISTAR), using various Payloads, with a high level of reliabi
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SINGAPORE AIR SHOW 2020 REPORT

The Singapore Air Show 2020 was held at Changi Exhibition Centre from 11th to 16th February 2020, with attendance from high-level Military Delegations including India’s Air Chief, Senior Government Officials and leading industry players, featured exhibitors from over 930 companies from above 45 countries. The Singapore Air Show had major participants in the Civil and Military Flying and Static Aircraft Displays that included: Airbus A400M, Dassault Aviation Falcon Business Jets, Embraer Profit-Hunter Commuter Jet, Gulfstream Aircraft, Textron Aviation Aircraft, RSAF Apache & Chinook, Super Puma, Lockheed Martin’s F-16D & F-22 with Sikorsky’s S-70B, Boeing’s F-15SG & P-8A Poseidon, Bell Boeing MV-22s, Elbit Systems’ Hermes 900 UAS, IAI’s Heron TP UAS, Bell Helicopters, were on display.

SINGAPORE AIR SHOW 2020 REPORT
The Singapore Air Show 2020 was held at Changi Exhibition Centre from 11th to 16th February 2020, w
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First Indian Air Force Rafale Handed Over

On October 8th, Eric Trappier, Dassault Aviation Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, hosted the handover ceremony of the first Indian Air Force Rafale in Mérignac, Dassault Aviation’s Rafale Final Assembly Facility. The event was placed under the high patronage of Rajnath Singh, Minister of Defence of India and Ms. Florence Parly, Minister of the Armed Forces of France.

First Indian Air Force Rafale Handed Over
On October 8th, Eric Trappier, Dassault Aviation Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, hosted the h
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1st Rafale Handed Over by France: Defence Minister Rajnath Singh says Induction Will Boost India's Air Dominance Exponentially

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh said that the French-made Rafale Combat Jet will boost India's Air Dominance exponentially, as he was formally handed the delivery of the first of 36 Rafales in France. The induction of Rafale Fighter Jets into the Indian Air Force will give a boost to India's Air Dominance exponentially, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh said at the Handing-Over Ceremony of the IAF's Rafale Fighter.

1st Rafale Handed Over by France: Defence Minister Rajnath Singh says Induction Will Boost India's Air Dominance Exponentially
Defence Minister Rajnath Singh said that the French-made Rafale Combat Jet will boost India's Air D
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Thales: A Proud Partner of the Indian Air Force by Emmanuel de Roquefeuil, VP & Country Director, Thales in India

Thales is proud that the IAF has been relying on its high-end Technology Solutions for Combat Aircraft, Air Defence Systems and Sensors, among others to achieve its big ambitions. The Upgrade of Mirage 2000 Fleet is one such example and so is the selection of the Rafale Omni-Role Combat Aircraft by the Indian Air Force.

Thales: A Proud Partner of the Indian Air Force by Emmanuel de Roquefeuil, VP & Country Director, Thales in India
Thales is proud that the IAF has been relying on its high-end Technology Solutions for Combat Aircr
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FUTURE OF COMBAT: SUPPORTING TOMORROW'S AIR WARRIORS By Kishore Jayaraman, President, Rolls-Royce, India and South Asia

Today, more than 750 Rolls-Royce Engines of 10 engine types are powering aircraft of the Indian Military. Rolls-Royce Engines power a wide variety of aircraft in the inventory of the IAF - from Combat and Strike Aircraft (the Jaguar, powered by the Adour Mk811) to Trainers (Hawk Advanced Jet Trainer, powered by Adour Mk871) to Strategic Airlift Aircraft (C-130J Super Hercules, powered by AE 2100), and even VVIP and Surveillance Aircraft (ERJ145, powered by AE 3007).

FUTURE OF COMBAT: SUPPORTING TOMORROW'S AIR WARRIORS By Kishore Jayaraman, President, Rolls-Royce, India and South Asia
Today, more than 750 Rolls-Royce Engines of 10 engine types are powering aircraft of the Indian Mil
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MBDA: A Strong Partner of Indian Air Force

With a strong reputation as a reliable Partner that has supported the Indian Air Force for over 50 years, European Missile company MBDA understands the importance of operational capability and sovereignty to the IAF. MBDA has set up an extensive network of business Partners throughout India. This extensive Indian Supply Chain supports its JV initiatives ready to fulfil ‘Make-in-India’ requirements through its JV with L&T to manufacture Missiles & Components in India. In addition, MBDA continues to work with Indian Public-Sector entities for local Production, Development and Partnership.

MBDA: A Strong Partner of Indian Air Force
With a strong reputation as a reliable Partner that has supported the Indian Air Force for over 50
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Defence Minister Rajnath Singh Launches Indian Navy's First New P-17A Stealth Frigate INS Nilgiri

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh launched INS Nilgiri, the first of the Navy's seven new P-17A Stealth Frigates at Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL) in Mumbai.

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh Launches Indian Navy's First New P-17A Stealth Frigate INS Nilgiri
Defence Minister Rajnath Singh on 28th September launched INS Nilgiri, the first of the Navy's seve
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Defence Minister Rajnath Singh Commissions Indigenously-Built Scorpene Submarine INS Khanderi

On 28th September 2019, INS Khanderi, the second of P75 Scorpene-Class Submarines, was commissioned by Defence Minister Rajnath Singh in presence of Minister of State for Defence Shripad Naik, Chief of the Naval Staff Admiral Karambir Singh, CMD MDL Commodore Rakesh Anand (IN Retd.) and several other dignitaries. INS Khanderi is totally built by Indian Shipyard Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL) through years of Technology Transfer and Partnership with the Naval Group,  in line with Indian Government’s ‘Make-in-India’ Policy.

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh Commissions Indigenously-Built Scorpene Submarine INS Khanderi
INS Khanderi, the second of P75 Scorpene-Class Submarines, was commissioned by Defence Minister Raj
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Lockheed Martin & Tata Supplier Meet for F-21 Fighter & S-76D Helicopter

Lockheed Martin and Tata hosted a three-day Suppliers Conference in July in New Delhi, where about 30 of Lockheed Martin's Tier 1 Suppliers had the opportunity to meet with over 70 Indian Companies of all sizes to form relationships, assess capabilities, generate Partnerships and further enhance the Government of India's ‘Make-in-India' objectives. Lockheed Martin is looking to expand its Local Suppliers Base in India for their Global Supply Chain in order to fulfill the Offsets Obligations in India, and to increase Indigenous Content of their Offers to Indian Forces, while mainly promoting the new F-21 Fighter for the IAF’s MRFA competition, Sikorsky’s S-76D for the Indian Navy’s NUH, and the MH-60R for the MRH.

Lockheed Martin & Tata Supplier Meet for F-21 Fighter & S-76D Helicopter
Lockheed Martin and Tata hosted a three-day Suppliers Conference in July in New Delhi. Lockheed Mar
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Launch of Fourth Scorpene Class Submarine - VELA

Vela, the fourth Scorpene-Class Submarine being constructed by Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited for the Indian Navy, was launched on 6th May 2019, by Mrs Veena Ajay Kumar, wife of Dr. Ajay Kumar, Secretary Defence Production, who was the Chief Guest on the occasion. Vice Admiral A.K. Saxena, CWP&A was also present during the Launching Ceremony.

Launch of Fourth Scorpene Class Submarine - VELA
Vela, the fourth Scorpene-Class Submarine being constructed by Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited fo
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Rolls-Royce in India: Partnering for Future Success by Kishore Jayaraman, President, Rolls-Royce, India and South Asia

India is in the process of replacing 50 percent of its ageing Defence Equipment. It is expected to spend US$ 100-150 Billion on Defence Modernisation programmes by 2022. This presents a huge opportunity for Multinational Companies (MNCs) and Small- and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) to leverage India's fast-growing Aerospace and Defence Sectors.

Rolls-Royce in India: Partnering for Future Success by Kishore Jayaraman, President, Rolls-Royce, India and South Asia
India is in the process of replacing 50 percent of its ageing Defence Equipment. It is expected to
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GENERAL ATOMICS - EMS Deepening Ties Via Strategic Initiatives

General Atomics (GA) and its affiliated companies now constitute one of the world's leading resources for High-Technology Systems ranging from Nuclear fuel cycle to Electromagnetic Systems, Remotely Operated Surveillance Aircraft, Airborne Sensors and Advanced Electronics, Wireless & Laser Technologies.

GENERAL ATOMICS - EMS Deepening Ties Via Strategic Initiatives
GA and its affiliated entities manufacture, operate and service state-of-the-art Unmanned Aerial Ve
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MBDA Offers Next-Generation Air Combat Capabilities for the Indian Air Force

MBDA is exhibiting a full range of Missiles and Missile Systems on Stand AB.2.23 designed to provide Next-Generation Air Combat Capabilities, including Air Dominance, Strike and Maritime Engagement, for the Indian Air Force.

MBDA Offers Next-Generation Air Combat Capabilities for the Indian Air Force
Aero India 2019 is the first Air Show where L&T MBDA Missile Systems Ltd, MBDA’s Joint Venture with
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HENSOLDT Leads Sensor Solutions for Defence

HENSOLDT is a pioneer of Technology and Innovation in the field of Defence and Security Electronics. Based in Taufkirchen near Munich, HENSOLDT is one of the market leaders in the field of Civil and Military Sensor Solutions and develops new products based on innovative approaches for Data Management, Robotics and Cyber Security to combat a wide range of threats.

HENSOLDT Leads Sensor Solutions for Defence
HENSOLDT is a pioneer of Technology and Innovation in the field of Defence and Security Electronics
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Indian Army Artillery Inducts K9 Vajra’s & M777s

Marking a major milestone towards capacity building and capability enhancement of the Indian Army, Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, dedicated the globally combat proven M777 A2 Ultra Light Howitzers, K9 Vajra-Tracked Self-Propelled Guns and 6x6 Filed Artillery Tractors to the service of the Nation.

Indian Army Artillery Inducts K9 Vajra’s & M777s
Marking a major milestone towards capacity building and capability enhancement of the Indian Army,
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BRAHMOS: World' Best & Fastest Supersonic Precision Strike Weapon

BrahMos Aerospace, the Indo-Russian Joint Venture is now ready and capable to fulfil export requirements, if the Government decides, while serving the Indian Army, Indian Navy & Indian Air Force requirements, which should see larger numbers of Missiles ordered in the future.

BRAHMOS: World' Best & Fastest Supersonic Precision Strike Weapon
BrahMos Aerospace, the Indo-Russian Joint Venture is now ready and capable to fulfil export require
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EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW: AIR CHIEF MARSHAL B. S. DHANOA, CHIEF OF THE AIR STAFF

Indian Air Force is going through a Transformation process acquiring state-of-the-art platforms and systems, and through Upgrades, to boost India’s Air Power Dominance capabilities, with Su-30MKIs, Upgraded Mirage 2000s & Jaguars, Rafale MMRCAs, LCA Tejas enhancements, C-17s, C-130Js, Do-228s, Avro replacement with C295W MTAs, ALH Rudra, Light Combat Helicopters (LCHs), Mi-17V5s, Chinook Heavy-Lift & Apache Longbow Attack Helicopters taking test-flights, AEW&Cs/AWACS, FRA, more Trainers, etc.
 

EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW: AIR CHIEF MARSHAL B. S. DHANOA, CHIEF OF THE AIR STAFF
with Su-30MKIs, Upgraded Mirage 2000s & Jaguars, Rafale MMRCAs, FGFA, LCA Tejas, C-17s, C-130Js, Do
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Spanish Navy Navantia LHD Juan Carlos I Visits Mumbai

Navantia Juan Carlos I, the 27,000-tonne Landing Helicopter Dock (LHD) of the Spanish Navy came calling at Mumbai from 2nd to 6th June 2018. As part of the select group of journalists that were invited to see the LHD and its multitude of capabilities, one can conclude that the capability that this Vessel would bring to the Indian Navy’s Air Power & Amphibious Operations would be manifold

Spanish Navy Navantia LHD Juan Carlos I Visits Mumbai
Navantia Juan Carlos I, the 27,000-tonne Landing Helicopter Dock (LHD) of the Spanish Navy came cal
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Successful Firing of BrahMos Air- Launched Missile from Su-30MKI

IAF successfully fired the BrahMos Air Version Anti-Ship Missile from its Frontline Su-30MKI Fighter aircraft off the Eastern Coast. The Air-Launched BrahMos Missile is a 2.5 ton Supersonic Air-to-Surface Cruise Missile with ranges of more than 400 kms.

Successful Firing of BrahMos Air- Launched Missile from Su-30MKI
IAF successfully fired the BrahMos Air Version Anti-Ship Missile from its Frontline Su-30MKI Fighte
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News



Spanish Navy Navantia LHD Juan Carlos I Visits Mumbai

Spanish Navy Navantia LHD Juan Carlos I Visits Mumbai


Navantia Juan Carlos I, the 27,000-tonne Landing Helicopter Dock (LHD) of the Spanish Navy came calling at Mumbai from 2nd to 6th June 2018. As part of the select group of journalists that were invited to see the LHD and its multitude of capabilities, one can conclude that the capability that this Vessel would bring to the Indian Navy’s Air Power & Amphibious Operations would be manifold


Spanish Navy Navantia LHD Juan Carlos I Visits Mumbai

Navantia Juan Carlos I, the 27,000-tonne Landing Helicopter Dock (LHD) of the Spanish Navy came calling at Mumbai from 2nd to 6th June 2018. The Indian Navy is specifically deciding to build Amphibious Ships/LPDs, to ferry Tanks and Troops, small boats, and operate Helicopters from the Ship-Deck to support the Army’s Land-Attack Operations as well as for Disaster Relief Operations.


Navantia Juan Carlos I, the 27,000-tonne Landing Helicopter Dock (LHD) of the Spanish Navy came calling at Mumbai from 2nd to 6th June 2018. As part of the select group of journalists that were invited to see the LHD and its multitude of capabilities, one can conclude that the capability that this Vessel would bring to the Indian Navy’s Air Power & Amphibious Operations would be manifold. The Indian Navy is specifically deciding to build Amphibious Ships/LPDs, to ferry Tanks and Troops, small boats, and operate Helicopters from the Ship-Deck to support the Army’s Land-Attack Operations as well as for Disaster Relief Operations. Two contenders for building the LPDs in India are in the fray, the L&T-Navantia combine and Reliance Defence-Naval Group, with the Indian Navy LPDs RFP slated to be decided soon.

The Spanish Navy’s Navantia Landing Helicopter Dock (LHD) Juan Carlos I was in Mumbai on a goodwill visit early June, apparently also for the benefit of the Indian Navy, which is looking for four Landing Platform Docks (LPDs) for Helicopter & Amphibious Operations. An RFP for the Indian LPDs was first floated in 2013, then again in 2017, and there are now two competitors in the fray: Larsen & Toubro (L&T) with Spanish Navantia and Reliance Defence & Engineering Ltd. (RDEL) with the French Naval Group (DCNS).


L&T’s Whole-time Director (Defence) & Board Member, Jayant Patil, told journalists onboard the Ship that he was expecting the tender to be opened shortly. L&T would draw on the experience and technologies from Navantia and Design the Ship in India and build all the four LPDs required by the Indian Navy in India.


The Navantia Juan Carlos I LHD has a 12-degree Ski Ramp to assist its US-made Harrier AV 8B Jump Jets to take-off. As India has already phased out its British-made Harriers, the Indian LPDs would have a Flat Deck & Hangers to accommodate 30 to 35 helicopters. Anchored at the Mumbai Docks, Juan Carlos I displayed both its aircraft and helicopters, and its Landing Crafts too.


Navantia President Esteban García Vilasánchez told the select group of journalists onboard that the 27,000-tonne Juan Carlos I type Vessel, if acquired, would double that capacity as it is also built with large, open spaces to be used as required. Under the Indian configuration, which will be finalised after L&T wins the tender, eight helicopters would be able to take-off simultaneously from the LPD Deck. Mr. Vilasánchez further said that the Ship was being shown to the Indian Navy personnel so they could draw their own inferences. The first impression is very important, and we hope to get a positive response. Indian Navy personnel were invited throughout the visit.


Designated Landing Helicopter Dock or LHD, Juan Carlos I is similar to but much larger than the 16,000-tonne INS Jalashwa, (the USN Trenton LPD), which India had acquired from the U.S. Navy. The extraordinary versatility and flexibility of the Spanish Navy’s Navantia Landing Helicopter Deck (LHD) Juan Carlos I distinguishes it from the rest of existing LHDs. No other Vessel in the world is as efficient in the four configurations in which it can operate. The main role of the Strategic Projection Vessel is as an Amphibious Vessel for Land Projection. The Ship is ready to take in and deploy hundreds of Marines with dozens of Vehicles, Helicopters, and even Close Air Support Planes. This Naval ingenuity naturally led to the creation of a uniquely Versatile Ship conceived and built in Spain, with the capacity to carry out Air-Sea Landings. The conception of the Juan Carlos I was based on four different aspects: the usefulness of the Ski-Jump Ramp of British Aircraft Carriers, the versatility of U.S. Navy Amphibious Assault Ships, the Logistics Capabilities of RO-RO Transport Ships, and the potential for Humanitarian Assistance of Hospital Ships. Its main distinguishing feature lies in the combination of all these capabilities in one single platform, an unprecedented achievement. No Ship can match the Versatility of the Juan Carlos I. This is the Engineer’s belief in reference to the Ship’s Flexibility to optimize all its different capabilities in the different configurations it can assume. These are Aircraft Carrier, Amphibious Assault Ship, Strategic Protection Ship, Humanitarian Assistance Vessel, and Command and Control Center for Air & Land Ops.


After seeing the prime characteristics of this Ship, Navies will understand why two countries with such different needs as Australia and Turkey have opted to make the Navantia LHD the main ship of their respective Naval Forces. Two of the main aspects the Spanish Navy intends for its Naval Force are Versatility and Interoperability. The LHD Juan Carlos I undoubtedly meets both demands. On the one hand, the Multi-Purpose Concept of the Ship in the design from the very beginning has proven to be a great success. Experience at Sea has confirmed such Versatility to perform the planned roles in an effective manner; Amphibious Assault, Aircraft-Carrier, Strategic Projection and Humanitarian Aid. On the other hand, the level of Interoperability that has been achieved, especially regarding Flight Operations, is quite satisfactory, having already shown its capability of operating with the Spanish Army and Air Force Helicopters and even with U.S. Marine Corps Tilt-Rotor MV-22 Osprey Aircraft.


The five main objectives of the LHD are to meet: Excellent Range and Mobility; the ability to Transport RO-RO Cargo, Troops, and Cargo Containers, and to supply Liquid and Solid goods to other Vessels; the ability to supply fuel, water, solids, and personnel, while at sea; the ability to Deploy Forces transported using the ship’s own means; the ability for use in any situation, be they Peace Operations or integrated into an Amphibious Force, either Spanish or International.
In short, it had to be a Multi-Purpose Vessel that could contribute to the Strategic Projection Capacities of the Marines and the Army. Additionally, it had to be a platform from which Carrier-based Aircraft could operate. In 2003, a detailed definition of the Ship’s layout was drafted, and in March 2004, the Commission Agreement was signed with Navantia.

The Largest Vessel in the history of the Spanish Navy was built in La Coruña, between 2005 and 2009. There, this enormous 112-piece puzzle was built and assembled. Of these pieces, 58 were completed in Navantia’s Plant in the city of Ferrol, while the other 54 were from the Fene Plant. Both Plants are located on the Ferrol estuary. This Modular technique improved the quality of a project, which was also done in less time, since part of the welding, painting, and assembly of foundations and piping was done while the blocks were still in workshops. Subsequently, the huge pieces were assembled on the No. 3 Slipway at the Navantia Shipyard in Ferrol.


Work began with the first cut of steel in May 2005. July 21st of the following year was marked by the symbolic moment of the placement of the keel, which was truly the placement on the slipway of the first of the Vessel’s 112 blocks. The Vessel’s Launch came in March 2008, and the ship was completed at Navantia’s Pier 10 in Ferrol over the following months with the installation of various Systems and Sensors. The sea trials began in September 2009 and continued in May and August 2010. The following month, on September 30th, 2010, the platform was ready for delivery to the Spanish Navy, after 3.7 million hours of direct construction, plus another 6 million hours of work by other companies and more than 850,000 engineering hours.


In 2000, after providing support during the crisis in Timor-Leste, the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) began the process to acquire two Amphibious Vessels. The Winning Design was based on Navantia’s BPE (Strategic Projection Vessel), which at that time was under construction, beating the French option, DCNS (Naval Group) the other final competitor in the tender, based on the Mistral-Class. The hulls of the Australian Ships were built in Spain, including the Deck, while the Superstructures, where the Combat and Communications Systems are housed, were manufactured by BAE Systems in Australia. The result has a degree of similarity with the Juan Carlos I of more than 90%. They are even equipped with Ski-Jumps, despite having initially planned for operation with Helicopters only.


When the Navantia Juan Carlos I had only been in service for a few months, it traveled to Istanbul. Turkey originally sought a Multi-Purpose LPD Ship (for Force Projection and Disaster Operations), with the capacity to transport 600 Soldiers and both Wheeled and Track Vehicles. Initially, a displacement of between 12,000 and 15,000 tonnes was planned. Ultimately, they chose the Spanish offer: a Variant of the LHD Athlas at 26,000 tonnes, which corresponds to the Juan Carlos I-Class. The agreement with Ankara, signed in 2015, includes the construction of the Ship in Turkey by a local company based on the Design, Transfer of Technology (ToT), Equipment, and Technical Assistance provided by Navantia. The LHD is to be delivered in 2021.


The success of Navantia’s LHD is accompanied by success of the LCM-1E Amphibious Landing Craft, several fully-loaded 110-ton Ships, with Docks capable of accommodating up to four Units inside. In addition to the 14 manufactured for the Spanish Navy, including two prototypes, the RAN has acquired a dozen more, which have already been delivered, and Turkey has commissioned four for its future LHD.


The Largest Warship in Spanish Navy history is also the most Versatile. It was proposed to replace an Aircraft Carrier, but also to expand its operational capabilities to take on a variety of configurations - principally Marine Troop Support - all on the same Ship. The result is a single platform, which supports four Vessels with four different tasks - Aircraft Carrier, Amphibious Vessel, Strategic Projection, and Humanitarian Aid. According to Chief of Staff of Spanish Navy (AJEMA) Admiral Jaime Muñoz-Delgado, the experience accumulated since it entered into service in 2010, “has shown that not only can the Vessel function in the four proposed roles, but it can perform very effectively in each of them.”


To create this LHD, Navantia based its work on the experience acquired from the construction of the Ship which had served for 25 years as the flagship of the Spanish Fleet, the Príncipe de Asturias, as well as the Thai Navy’s Aircraft Carrier HTMS Chakri Naruebet. Its Flight Deck for Operations with STOVL Aircraft is 665ft 8in (202.9m) long, has a 10.5ft (32m) Beam and a Ski-Jump Ramp of 12 degrees to facilitate the take-off of airplanes - specifically, the AV-8B Harrier II and F-35B JSF, and increase its fuel capacity and Armament. Helicopter Operations are provided for with eight Landing Spots. Six of them are intended for six Mid-sized Helicopters simultaneously - NH90 or Sikorsky SH-3 Sea King, in addition to the AB-212 and SH-60 Seahawk, and for Heavy Helicopters, such as the CH-47 Chinook or CH-53 Super Stallion, up to four can be used at a time. Further, the Stern Deck Area is reinforced to accommodate Tiltrotor Aircraft like V-22 Osprey, a capability which has been tested since July 2014 thanks to the operations carried out in collaboration with U.S. Forces.


The Juan Carlos I is ready to operate, launch, and give and receive support both day and night, to aircraft in service in the Spanish Navy with SH-3, AB-212, Harrier and receive Helicopters such as the Spanish Army’s Chinook, Cougar, and Tiger, or the NH-90s, when they enter into service with both the Spanish Naval and Ground Forces. But above all, it is notable for being designed to fully accommodate the type of Short Take-Off and Vertical Landing (STOVL) of the JSF Fighter, the F-35B Lightning II, and for having Landing Spots adapted in size and strength to the specific needs of the V-22 Osprey.


The transport of Airplanes and Helicopters between the huge Hangar and the Flight Deck is achieved through two specific Elevators, which can lift 27.2 tonnes each, more than double what the French Mistrals can lift, with sufficient resources to provide service to aircraft the size of the F-35 or the Chinook, among others. One is located on the forward part of the Island, on the starboard side, and the other is on the Aft Section of the Flight Deck, before a small drop to a level lower than the Flight Deck, where part of the Navigational Equipment traditionally associated with the Stern Deck can be found, in addition to number of Weapon Systems for the Vessel’s Protection. The Hangar space available depends on the type of Mission. Thus, in the Aircraft Carrier Configuration, around 2,000 additional sqm (6,562 sq. ft.) can be added to its 1,000 sqm (3,280 sq. ft.), which are enough for a dozen mid-sized NH-90 Helicopters. These 2,000 sqm correspond to what is known as the Light Vehicle Bay, where a dozen more STOVL planes can be housed. In this case, both spaces are joined as one, there is a retractable gate separating them, to create a single, connected 3,000 sqm (9,842 sq. ft.) Hangar. This is 500m (1,640 ft) more than what was available in the Príncipe de Asturias and 1,000m (3,281 ft) more than the Mistrals. Therefore, the enormous Hangar of the Spanish Vessel can house two dozen aircraft: Twelve planes, like the AV-8B Harrier II or the F-35B, and other Mid-sized Helicopters, which is the Standard Configuration to operate as an Aircraft Carrier.


When in action, the JCI LHD is controlled from a specific location aft of the Superstructure on the Port Side. It is called the Primary Flight Control, which is complemented by another location, the Secondary Flight Control, located below. The Air Operations are controlled from there during emergency situations. A crew of 172 members is responsible for specific operations with Airplanes and Helicopters. As an Aircraft Carrier, the LHD can hold fuel, Spare parts, and enough Weapons for the loaded aircraft to conduct its operations without being refueled for up to 50 days. In this configuration, the Ship is able to sail fully loaded at over 21 knots. From the LHD, it is also possible to direct the Command of Operations, as it can board up to a Level 2 General Staff, Commanded by a Major General (OF-7). It also provides the Landing Force, once ashore, with the necessary Air, Logistical and Medical Support.


By itself, the Juan Carlos I (JCI) is ready to take on and deploy a Landing Force of 890 Troops, including a General, 45 Officers, and 64 NCOs. To this Group, 23 Troops from the Naval Beach Group can be added, 172 to provide service to the Air Units onboard, among them 41 Officers and 60 Petty Officers, and up to 90 more as General Staff, headed by an Admiral with 45 Officers and 23 Petty Officers. In addition to this, there is a crew of 261 to run the operations of the ship itself. The Air Capacity in the Amphibious Operation Role reaches 30 aircraft, mainly Helicopters. For this configuration, in addition to the Hangar’s 990 sqm (3,248 sq. ft.), aircraft can be accommodated in a bay of 1,880 sqm (6,168 sq. ft.) usually used to accommodate Light Vehicles. A large retractable gate connects the two spaces into one with a total of 2,870 sqm (9,416 sq. ft.). If only the nearly 1,000 sqm (3,281 sq. ft.) in the hangar are used, then there is space for up to nine Harrier Aircraft or 12 Mid-sized Helicopters or up to eight Chinook Transport Helicopters. In this case, the Light Vehicles space is free to house Armoured Personnel Carriers, such as the Spanish Army’s BMR/VEC 6x6 or the Spanish Marines’ Piranha 8x8.


On the Lower Deck, in what is called the Heavy Vehicle Bay, 1,400 sqm (4,393 sq.ft.) are reserved for other types of Vehicles. Here, in an area that is 90m (295 ft.) long by 16m (52 ft.) wide, up to 29 2E Leopard Tanks can be taken on, weighing about 60 tonnes. Among other options are Amphibious Assault Vehicles, which can hold up to 21 fully-equipped troops plus a crew of three other Soldiers. Towards the stern there is a 975 sqm (3,198 sq. ft.) Well Dock, ready to house and operate with up to four LCM-1E Landing Craft and Rigid-hulled Inflatable Supercat Boats capable of transporting a driver, an assistant, and eight riflemen in each time, or a LCAC (Hovercraft) along with two LCM-1E or Armoured AAVs. They can enter and exit the Ship through the Well Dock through the Large Aft Gate that connects these resources with the Sea. In addition to Landings, the Marines can perform other functions aboard the JCI, such as Special Operations at Sea or on Land. In these cases, the Vessel can act as a Floating Forward Operating Base (FOB). Additionally, the Spanish Marines also contribute to the security of the Ship and the safety of the approach in Maritime Interdiction Operations by boarding the Operational Security Teams (EOS).


As Strategic Projection Ship, the JCI is designed to transport the fully-outfitted Forces of any Army to the Theater of Operations. Normally, these are Units from the Spanish Marines or Army. In total, the Vessel has, in addition to a Flight Deck, more than half a hectare of storage space. Its total ability to Load and Project Forces is comparable to the ability which, until recently, only the Aircraft Carrier Príncipe de Asturias and the two Galicia-Class LPDs of Spanish Navy were capable of providing when operating jointly. There are 5,445 sqm (17,864 sq. ft.) of usable Cargo Area, divided into three Decks. Starting from the bottom up, the Heavy Cargo Bay, which covers 1,410 sqm (4,626 sq. ft.), can alone house 29 Leopard Tanks or similar, AAVs, and virtually all types of Tracked Vehicles, in addition to TEU Cargo Containers weighing 16 tonnes, which are distributed over its 90m (295ft) length and 16m (52.5ft) width. On the Starboard side, at the same height, there are two Side Ramps, where Vehicles and Cargo can be loaded from the Dock.


In the Aft Section, the Deck is accessed from the Well Dock, an area of 1,165 sqm (3,822 sq. ft.) and, as a way of making the best use of Cargo, can stow another 17 Leopard Tanks or 32 16-tonne TEUs. It is 69.3m (227 ft.) long and 16.8m (55 ft.) wide. It can be flooded up to a depth of three meters (10 ft.) inside and then operate with up to four LCM Boats and four Supercats. It can house all of these at the same time. It is divided into two Grounding Areas, and also allows for Operations with AAVs and even LCAC Hovercraft. The Aft Section contains a gate that, when opened, connects the inside of the dock with the open sea. It also can function as a RO-RO Ramp. Above that, on Deck 1, is where the Light Cargo Bay is located. This space is 92m (302 ft.) long by 20m (66 ft.) wide, where various combinations of Light Vehicles can be held like Trucks, Hummers, BMRs, Mowag Piranha or 67 16-tonne TEUs.


It has 1,880 sqm (6,168 sq. ft.) which are directly connected with the Cargo Bay through a Fixed Ramp on the Starboard side. The Vehicles can move through there to be transferred from one space to another. The Hangar is located on Deck 1, in an area that is 42m (138 ft.) in length and 20m (66 ft.) in width. It measures 900 sqm (2,953 sq. ft.), which are intended to, when necessary, hold up to 9 Harrier Aircraft, 12 NH-90 Helicopters, or 8 Chinooks. Both areas, the Hangar and the Light Vehicle Bay, come together forming a single storage area where many combinations of Vehicles, Aircraft, Containers, and other supplies can be easily housed. To handle all this material and even facilitate the movement of certain Personnel, the Ship has a Network of Multi-Purpose Cranes and Elevators in its interior. In addition to the aforementioned Ramp to transfer Vehicles, moving under their own power, from the Dock & Heavy Vehicle Bay to the Hangar & Light Vehicle Bay, the Vessel has an Elevator capable of lifting up to 20 tonnes of Cargo between these Decks. Towards the Bow, there is another Elevator used to move Munitions of up to 5 tonnes from Deck 5 to the Flight Deck.


In addition to its roles as an Aircraft Carrier, Amphibious Vessel, Transportation and Platform for Humanitarian Aid, the Juan Carlos I is ready for another mission: Command and Control (C2). This ability for Operational Command for Directing and Monitoring Assigned Forces is an extra feature that, rather than representing a fifth configuration, complements whichever mission for which the Vessel is configured. The LHD integrates all Spanish and C2 NATO Systems in an extensive set of Classified Communications Networks that provide it with the ability to act as a Command Ship for Amphibious Operations at the Brigade-level, and even as the Command Ship for the Spanish High Readiness Forces (HRF). For a joint exercise recreating a raid on a terrorist group, it has LCM-1E Ships to Land Vehicles, a Command Center, and Force coverage. It also has Amphibious Assault Vehicles (AAV) to deploy an element of Assault, Semi-rigid Inflatable Boats, a Reconnaissance Unit using a Zodiac raft which is the first to enter area of operations, and a unit transported by Helicopter with Air Command and Control.


The Juan Carlos I is the first ship in the Spanish Navy to use Electrical Podded Propulsion. This is not just any achievement, the Admiral Chief of Staff of the Spanish Navy (AJEMA), Jaime Muñoz Delgado, considers it the “most important” innovation on the ship. A “real milestone”, he says, adding that it is even more so when dealing with “a Ship of such Dimensions.” The Podded Propulsors are Electric Motors with permanent magnets which drive the Propellers mounted under the Hull and inside the Pods, which can turn in any direction. Each Pod has two Fixed Pitch, three-Blade Propellers, which are 4.5m (14ft. 9 in) in diameter. Its implementation has eliminated the need for Shaft lines and Rudders. The Pods of the Juan Carlos I have been developed by the German consortium Schottel-Siemens for a maximum power consumption of 11MW each. The solution allows the Ship to maintain different speeds with greater energy efficiency, saving on fuel. In fact, the Ship consumes far less fuel than other Ships in the Spanish Navy, which have half the displacement. When fully loaded, the Ship can sail at over 20 knots and even exceed 21 knots, when in Aircraft Carrier Configuration.


The Ship’s low-speed movement capabilities are also enhanced with two specific Bow Thrusters of 1,500 kW. These additional Blades, along with the azimuthal capabilities of the Pod, provide excellent maneuverability even in shallow water. The overall qualities would be unachievable with any other Propulsion Solution. To generate the enormous amount of electricity needed, the Ship has two MAN 32/40 Diesel Engines capable of creating 7,680 kW each, and a 19,750 kW General Electric LM-2500 Gas Turbine Engine. These three Engines combine to create a final Power Generation Capacity of about 34 megawatts. The Spanish Navy selected Indra’s Rigel Electronic Defense Suite for this LHD, which allow for the Detection, Analysis, Classification, and Identification of Radar Signals present in the surroundings. These systems are based on Digital Reception techniques, which improve sensitivity when it comes to measuring the signals, which in turn allows for the detection of Low Probability of Intercept (LPI) Signals. Likewise, the Navy opted for Indra’s Regulus Electronic Defence Systems for Communications. Indra has also implemented its CIT-25D Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) Systems on the JCI, which incorporates Mode 5 of NATO Identification. Its Principle Mission is to identify the platforms that are found in its mission area as either allied or a threat, in addition to Self-Identification in response to any interrogation received.


In terms of Surveillance Systems, this LHD has Systems based both on the Lanza-N Radar System for Three-Dimensional Aerial Exploration as well as the Aries Systems. The first is the Naval Version of Indra’s 3D Lanza Radar, which is operative in different positions for Aerial Defence of Spanish territory. In turn, the Aries Systems are Low Probability of Intercept (LPI) Radars developed by the company for their use both for Radar Navigation and Radar Surface Exploration functions, as well as Aircraft Approach Radars (PAR, Precision Approach Radar). Thanks to its long-distance resolution and its built-in ability for Automatic Image Tracking, it is notably superior to all others in its class, both in functionality and in versatility.


The Air Surveillance Radar 2D AN / SPS 49 of the F-80 works near Land and, under certain conditions, slightly above the capabilities of SPY1 Naval Radar System of the F-100 Frigate. The location of the latter over the Bridge on Spanish Ships allows it to gain six or eight seconds in Detecting Anti-Ship Missiles in comparison to U.S. Arleigh Burke-Class Destroyers, which have nearly double the displacement, who also mount it under the Bridge. Regardless of the defence provided by Escort Ships, the JCI has a reserve space and weight to integrate Self-Defence Weapons at a later stage. Specifically, it is prepared for the installation of 25mm Mk-38 Mounts (Automatic System with Remote Control from the CIC with M242 Bushmaster Auto-Cannons) for Asymmetrical Defence and two SeaRAM (Rolling Airframe Missile) for Missile Defence. The uniqueness of the LHD is that it can also Project Weapons from Platforms such as Tanks and Combat Aircraft (Airplanes, Helicopters & Convertiplanes). These resources do not form part of the LHD itself, but are provided by Marine Corps, in the case of Vehicles, and the Naval Air Force, mainly in the case of Air Devices onboard.


Where no other Ship in the Spanish Navy can compete, is in its operation as an Aircraft Carrier. In this aspect, the Ship is designed to operate with a multitude of devices currently in use, such as Harrier planes or SH-3, AB-212, and SH-60 Navy Helicopters and CH-47s from the Army, plus all models available today in the U.S. Marine Corps, including the enormous Sikorsky CH-53 Super Stallion. The LHD-61 is prepared for the MV-22 Osprey, which is neither a plane nor a helicopter, but both at the same time. Although the V-22 is not included in the arsenal of the Spanish Armed Forces, it has already carried out numerous operations from the JCI since it first took-off from the Deck in 2014. Since then, the U.S. Marine Corps operates it on the Spanish Ship frequently. This is a particularly large aircraft (more than 27 tonnes of Take-Off Weight and 25.8m [84 ft. 8in] wide), in addition to belonging to a Foreign Navy. Every exercise of this type must be coordinated. The MV-22 cannot only move on the Deck of LHD-61, which ultimately has eight spots, but can also move to the Hangar of the Ship on the Aft Elevator, where there is sufficient space to accommodate Multiple Units.

In the future, the NH-90 Helicopters of the Spanish Navy and Army will also operate on this Ship. This capacity has been widely demonstrated by both HMAS Canberra and its sister ship, the Adelaide, the Australian LHDs based on the Navantia Design. The MRH-90, the local version of NH-90, has already passed through the Decks and Hangers of both Ships. Alongside the Osprey and other helicopters, is an especially important aircraft - the F-35B, with STOVL (Short Take-Off & Vertical Landing) qualities. The 5th-Gen. F-35B Lightning II can operate seamlessly by the two Elevators on the Juan Carlos I LHD.                 - Anita Mal